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    GS Paper 1 (CSE Pre 2016)
  • Paper Analysis & Answer key
    GS Paper 1 (CSE Pre 2016)

    Section

    No. of Questions asked

    Year

    2016

    2015

    2014

    History of India and Indian National Movement

    17

    15

    19

    Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World

    7

    12

    18

    Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc

    6

    12

    12

    Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.

    28

    18

    10

    General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change

    19

    13

    21

    General Science

    13

    8

    13

    Current events of national and international importance

    10*

    (49 Questions were directly or indirectly related to Current Affairs but out of them 10 Questions could not be categorized in any other section )

    22

    (37 Questions were directly or indirectly related to Current Affairs but out of them 22 Questions could not be categorized in any other section )

    7

    (34 Questions were directly or indirectly related to Current Affairs but out of them 7 Questions could not be categorized in any other section )

    Total 100 100 100

    TREND ANALYSIS
    On the careful analysis of the Paper-I (General Studies) Civil Services (Prelims) Examination-2016, following points may be observed:

    1. MODERATE LEVEL OF DIFFICULTY AND A LEVEL PLAYING FIELD: UPSC has brought down the difficulty level of question papers in last 2 years compared to earlier exams. This year too it focused on testing the candidates’ basic understanding of the topics. This was again expected. As the Aptitude (Paper –II) is now qualifying, this is an attempt by UPSC to give a level playing field even to fresh candidates.
    2. INCREASING WEIGHTAGE OF CURRENT AFFAIRS ON EXPECTED LINES: The weightage of Current Affairs increased this year further as UPSC asked a lot many direct questions from this area as well as issues indirectly linked to Current Affairs (or having Current Affairs context). This was again expected. As the Aptitude (Paper –II ) is qualifying in nature, the real selection depends upon the GS (Paper- I) and so to ensure a level playing field to the candidates from all the subject backgrounds as well as to fresh candidates it was expected that UPSC would increase the weightage of this section. No matter how many years a candidate is preparing for the exam, Current Affairs has to be prepared that year itself and it gives a level playing field to all.
    3. SECTIONAL WEIGHTAGE: If we analyze the pattern of past few years’ paper, Environment and Economy sections are increasingly getting more weightage. Questions from Environment section increased from 13 to 19. Questions from Economy section also increased from 18 to 28.
      Though History retained its value in traditional parts but at the same time other traditional sections like Geography and Polity lost their weightage. There were only 7 questions out of Geography this year compared to 12 last year and there were only 6 questions out of Polity this year compared to 12 last year.
      UPSC continued to ask less number of questions from General Science but still number of questions asked in this section increased to 13 compared to 8 last year. In recent years, increasingly the questions are asked more from Technology portion compared to General Science portion.
    4. CURRENT CONTEXT IN CORE SECTIONS: There was a current context to even many questions that were asked from core sections. Some of the examples are given below:Q. What is/are unique about ‘Kharai camel’, a breed found in India?
      1. It is capable of swimming up to three kilometres in seawater.
      2. It survives by grazing on mangroves.
      3. It lives in the wild and cannot be domesticated.
      Select the correct answer using the code given below.
      (a) 1 and 2 only
      (b) 3 only
      (c) 1 and 3 only
      (d) 1, 2 and 3
      This is a question from Environment, Ecology and Biodiversity section. But the question was asked because recently the ‘Kharai camel’ were declared endangered species.Q. Consider the following statements:
      1. New Development Bank has been set up by APEC.
      2. The headquarters of New Development Bank is in Shanghai.
      Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
      (a) 1 only
      (b) 2 only
      (c) Both 1 and 2
      (d) Neither 1 nor 2
      This is a question from Economy section. But the question was asked because recently New Development Bank became operational.

      Q. With reference to `Astrosat’, the astronomical observatory launched by India, which of the following statements is/are correct?
      1. Other than USA and Russia, India is the only country to have launched a similar observatory into space.
      2. Astrosat is a 2000 kg satellite placed in an orbit at 1650 km above the surface of the Earth.
      Select the correct answer using the code given below.
      (a) 1 only
      (b) 2 only
      (c) Both 1 and 2
      (d) Neither 1 nor 2
      This is a question from Science and Technology section. But the question was asked because recently India launched its first space observatory or telescope “Astrosat”.

      Q. With reference to ‘Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana’, consider the following statements:
      1. Under this scheme, farmers will have to pay a uniform premium of two percent for any crop they cultivate in any season of the year.
      2. This scheme covers post-harvest losses arising out of cyclones and unseasonal rains.
      Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
      (a) 1 only
      (b) 2 only
      (c) Both 1 and 2
      (d) Neither 1 nor 2
      This is a question from Economy section. But the question was asked because recently India launched its new agricultural insurance scheme “Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana”.

    5. RELEVANCE OF NCERT AND BASIC SOURCES: As UPSC is relying more and more on the basics of the subjects, the significance of NCERT books will not only be retained but will also increase. Also, the Current Affairs portion will remain important as it will remain a marker to ascertain important sections of GS syllabus.

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