Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS | 10th November 2021

Watch the free daily Current affairs video explanation

UPSC Current Affairs: Fishing rights and India-Pakistan maritime dispute | Page – 06

UPSC Syllabus: Mains – GS Paper II – International Relation

Sub Theme: Fishing rights | India-Pakistan maritime dispute UPSC

FISHERIES MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE IN INDIA

  • Fisheries being a State subject, (pivotal role in fisheries governance).
  • The role of the Central Government is to complement
  • While Inland Fisheries are fully managed by State Governments,
  • Marine Fisheries are a shared responsibility between the Central and Coastal State/UT Governments.
  • Coastal States/UTs are responsible for development, management and regulation of fisheries in the sea waters inside the 12 nautical mile (22 km) territorial limit.
  • Government of India is responsible for the development, management and regulation of fisheries in the EEZ waters beyond 12 nautical miles and up to 200 nautical miles (370 km).

 

THE TERRITORIAL WATERS, CONTINENTAL SHELF, EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE AND OTHER MARITIME ZONES ACT, 1976

  • Empowers central government with sovereign rights in the EEZ for India for the purpose of exploration, exploitation, conservation and management of natural resources including fisheries.
  • The sovereignty of India extends and has always extended to the territorial waters of India and to the seabed and subsoil underlying, and the air space over, such waters.
  • All foreign ships (other than warships including sub-marines and other underwater vehicles) shall enjoy the right of innocent passage through the territorial waters.
  • Foreign warships including submarines and other underwater vehicles may enter or pass through the territorial waters after giving prior notice to the Central Government.

 

THE MARITIME ZONES OF INDIA (REGULATION OF FISHING BY FOREIGN VESSELS) ACT, 1981

  • “Maritime zones of India” means the territorial waters of India or the exclusive economic zone of India.
  • Fishing in maritime zones of India by foreign vessels is prohibited unless a licence  or permit is granted by the central Government for fishing within any maritime zone of India.

 

Prisoner’s dilemma

  • Ratio of fisherman as prisoners between India and Pakistan is 1:5 i.e., for one Pakistani prisoners in India, there are five Indian prisoners in Pakistan.
  • Since 2008 terrorist attack in Mumbai, maritime issue has taken a new severity of hardship on innocent fishermen.
  • Killing of innocent fishermen only comes from Pakistan, India has never killed any Pakistani fisherman.
  • In absence of Extradition treaty, innocent prisoners are taking the wrath of defence forces.
  • Most of the innocent fishermen have been seen as informers, spy or intruders in national security by both nations.
  • In 2007, India-Pakistan Joint Judicial Committee was constituted including 4 judges from both nations to find out long lasting solution to treat such prisoners.
  • This committee was dysfunctional for long before reviving back in 2018. But the result is not very promising.

 

Extradition treaty (under ministry of External affairs)

  • Extradition is the formal process of one state surrendering an individual to another state for prosecution or punishment for crimes committed in the requesting country’s jurisdiction. It typically is enabled by a bilateral or multilateral treaty.
  • India has extradition treaty with 48 nations (US has with over 100) and extradition arrangement with 12 nations.

 

UPSC Current Affairs:Factors affecting the international oil prices | Page – 14

UPSC Syllabus: Mains – GS Paper III – Economy

Sub Theme: Factors affecting oil prices | UPSC

 

UPSC Current Affairs:Punjab Advocate General removed as Channi bows to Sidhu’s demand | Page 01

UPSC Syllabus: Mains – GS Paper II – Polity & Governance

Sub Theme: Advocate general | UPSC

 

COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN ATTORNEY GENERAL AND ADVOCATE GENERAL

  ATTORNEY GENERAL ADVOCATE GENERAL
1. Article 76 – President appoints Article 165 – governor appoints
2. Highest Law Officer of the Union Govt. Highest Law officer of the State Govt.
3. Eligible to be appointed as Judge of SC Eligible to be appointed as Judge of H.C.
4. Holds office during the Pleasure of the President Holds office during Pleasure of the Governor.
5. Remuneration decided by President Remuneration decided by the Govenor.
6. Duties & Functions of Attorney General

(a)  Advice GOI on legal matters.

(b)  Represent GOI in Courts

(c)  Perform other legal duties assigned time to time by President.

Duties & Functions of Advocate General

(a) Advice concerned state govt.

(b) Represent concerned state.

(c)  Legal matters referred by Governor.

7. Privileges

(a) Right to audience all courts in territory of India.

(b) Attend Parliamentary Proceedings; speak and take part in the proceedings of the committee; No right to vote.

(c)  Right to Private practice (Criminal case prior permission from the govt.)

Privileges

(a) Audience within the territory of the state (Article 177)

(b) Similar position in  State Legislature

0

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *