Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS | 21st August 2021

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1.  National Geological Monuments

UPSC Syllabus: Mains: GS Paper I, III: Art and culture, Geography, ecology and environment
Sub Theme: Geo-tourism  | UPSC

Context: Geological survey of India has identified certain geological sites in North-east for geo-tourism.

12 new locations to be added in the existing 32 approved Geo-tourism or geo-heritage site

The Geological Survey of India (GSI) was set up in 1851 primarily to find coal deposits for the Railways.

Functions of GSI:

  • Creation and updation of national geoscientific information and mineral resource assessment.
  • Conducting ground surveys, air-borne and marine surveys, mineral prospecting and investigations, multi-disciplinary geoscientific, geo-technical, geo-environmental and natural hazards studies, glaciology, seismotectonic study, and carrying out fundamental research.

HQ: Kolkata

Ministry: Ministry of Mines

Unakoti Hill Site: An ancient Shaivite place of worship with huge rock reliefs celebrating Shiva. It is the prime tourist spot of Unakoti District, Tripura.

S. No Geological heritage site / National geological monument
1 Volcanogenic bedded Barytes, Mangampeta, Cuddapah Dist. ANDHRA PRADESH
2 Eparchaean Unconformity, Chittor Dist. ANDHRA PRADESH
3 Natural Geological Arch, Tirumala Hills, Chittor Dist. ANDHRA PRADESH
4 Erra Matti Dibbalu- the dissected and stabilized coastal red sediment mounds located between Vishakhapatnam and Bhimunipatnam. ANDHRA PRADESH
5 Laterite near Angadipuram PWD rest house premises, Malapuram Dist. (KL)
6 Varkala Cliff Section, Thiruvanatapuram Dist. (KL)
7 Fossil wood near Tiruvakkarai, South Arcot Dist. TAMILNADU
8 National fossil wood park, Sattanur, Tiruchirappalli Dist. TAMILNADU
9 Charnockite, St. Thomas Mount, Madras. TAMILNADU
10 Badlands of Karai Formation with Cretaceous fossils along Karai – Kulakkalnattam Section, Perambalur District. TAMILNADU
11 Sedimentary Structures – Eddy Markings, Kadan Dam, Panch Mahals Dist.  GUJARAT
12 Sendra Granite, Pali Dist. RAJASTHAN
13 Barr Conglomerate, Pali Dist. RAJASTHAN
14 Stromatolite Fossil Park, Jharmarkotra Rock Phosphate deposit, Udaipur Dist. RAJASTHAN
15 Gossan in Rajpura Dariba Mineralised belt, Udaipur Dist. RAJASTHAN
16 Stromatolite Park near Bhojunda, Chittaurgarh Dist. RAJASTHAN
17 Akal Fossil Wood Park, Jaisalmer Dist. RAJASTHAN
 
S. No Geological heritage site /

National geological monument

18 Kishangarh Nepheline Syenite, Ajmer Dist. Rajasthan
19 Welded Tuff, Jodhpur Dist.   Rajasthan
20 Jodhpur Group – Malani Igneous Suite Contact, Jodhpur Dist. Rajasthan
21 Great Boundary Fault at Satur, Bundi Dist. Rajasthan
22 Lonar Lake, Buldana Dist.   MAHARASHTRA
22 Lower Permian Marine bed at Manendragarh, Surguja Dist. CHATTISGARH
24 Columnar Lava, St Mary Island  Udupi Dist. KARNATAKA
25 Pillow lavas near Mardihalli, Chitradurga Dist. KARNATAKA
26 Peninsular Gneiss, Lalbagh, Banglore, KARNATAKA
27 Pyroclastics & Pillow lavas, Kolar Gold fields, Kolar Dist. KARNATAKA
28 Siwalik Fossil Park, Saketi, Sirmur dt., HIMACHAL PRADESH
29 Pillow Lava in iron ore belt at Nomira, Keonjhar dist. ODISHA
30 Plant Fossil bearing Inter trappean beds of Rajmahal Formation, upper Gondwana sequence around Mandro, Sahibganj dist. JHARKHAND
31 Nagahill Ophiolite Site near Pungro, NAGALAND
32 Stromatolite bearing Dolomite / Limestone of Buxa Formation at Mamley, near Namchi, South district. SIKKIM

 

2.  Smart health cards of Odisha

UPSC Syllabus:  Mains – GS II: Indian health system
Theme:  State level schemes | UPSC

Context: Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana launched by CM of Odisha for treatment in hospitals upto 5 lakh rupees.

Features:

  1. Treatment reimbursement up to 5 lakh rupees per annum.
  2. Treatment can be availed in 200 hospitals across the nation.
  3. Upto 10 Lakh to women for treatment.
  4. It is a no-frill system: no cash is required.
  5. It will cover about 3.5 crore people.

 

3.  Geography of Palm oil

UPSC Syllabus: Mains GS I, III; important food and non-food crops
Sub Theme:  Palm oil | UPSC

  • 11040 crore, Union government’s National Mission on Edible
  • Oils-Oil Palm (NMEOOP),
  • To maximise cultivation and production of Palm oil
  • Kerala state is the most potential state from the perspective of Palm oil
  • Wayanad and Palakkad districts could be major producing districts

Why Kerala is important site?

  • Oil palm is humid tropical crop.
  • Rainfall: 150 cm or above
  • Temperature range: 22-32 degree Celsius
  • Other needs: 5-6 hours of bright sunlight, 80% or more of humidity, soil with high organic matter.

Kerala has moist and humid climate along with very dense vegetation to support organic soil matter.

Being tropical in its location and past history of plantation, Kerala can support easy shift towards palm oil cultivation and production.

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