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Issues Related to Transgenders – UPSC

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Cyberabad police on Saturday inaugurated a ‘Transgender Community Desk’. It is said to be the first-of-its-kind gender inclusive community policing initiative in the country. The desk will be managed by a police liaison officer and a transgender person who is designated as community coordinator. “It will be the focal point for all grievance redressal among the transgender community in the Cyberabad Commissionerate. The desk will provide support to file cases in offences related to violence or discrimination against any transgender person.

Among other services, the desk will also provide counselling, legal aid, life skills, soft skills training, job placements, and referral linkages to welfare schemes in partnership with the Department of Women and Child Welfare, and District Legal Services Authority. Community policing simply put is a new philosophy of policing in which the police departments and the law abiding citizens work together in creative ways to address the contemporary community problems.

Community Policing Model can help

  • Reducing the trust deficit between police and public as it requires the police to work with the community for prevention and detection of crime, maintenance of public order, and resolving local conflicts.
  • Promotes police accountability and effectiveness.
  • Increase effectiveness of policing

In India, community policing was prevalent in ancient India. In fact, the key feature of ancient police system was its community orientation. The references to police organization and specific powers of law enforcement with preventive, investigative and prosecuting duties can be traced back to Maurya era.

During medieval India also, a village chief called Mukaddam or Sarpanch used to work as a police officer and used to maintain law and order with the help of village community. At further upper levels, the Muhasil or Gumastha, representatives of Fauzdar, Khwaza and Musarif used to help the community policing.Chowkidars or village watchmen employed by the village community.

During British era, the law and order passed into the hands of Zamindars as per changes made by Lord Cornwallis. A uniform police force was established with Darogah in every district. The Darogahs were made responsible to district judges. However, community policing had lost its whatever relevance.

In independent India, the law and order was made a state subject and some states tried to implement the community policing. For example, West Bengal had a programme called the Village Resistance Group to deal with dacoits in rural areas. In Gujarat and Maharashtra, community policing programme called Gram Rakshak Dal was established. Similarly, in Karnataka enactment of the Karnataka Village Defense Parties Act of 1964, which became operational in 1975 aimed to establish community policing.

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