Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS
UPSC Current Affairs: Scheme for revision
UPSC Syllabus: Prelims: Govt. Schemes | Mains – GS Paper II – Governance, Social Justice
- Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram
The erstwhile Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP), a centrally sponsored scheme has been restructured and renamed as Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram.
MsDP, a centrally sponsored scheme, launched to address the development deficits in 90 minority concentration districts in the country to address the development deficits.
It has been identified as one of the Core of the Core Schemes under National Development Agenda.
It aims at improving the socio-economic parameters of basic amenities for improving the quality of life of the people and reducing imbalances in the Minority Concentration Areas.
It particularly concentrates in the field of education, health & skill development which would further lead to lessening of the gap between the national average and the minority communities with regard to backwardness parameters.
Minority Concentration Areas have been identified based on both population data (25% of the total population belongs to minority communities) and backwardness parameters of Census 2001 of these areas.
The backwardness parameters are: – (a) Religion-specific socio-economic indicators at the district level – (i) Literacy rate; (ii) Female literacy rate; (iii) Work participation rate; and (iv) Female work participation rate; and (b) Basic amenities indicators at the district level – (i) Percentage of households with pucca walls (ii) Percentage of households with safe drinking water & (iii) Percentage of households with electricity
The projects considered are additional classrooms, laboratories, school buildings, hostels, toilets, buildings for Polytechnics, ITIs, Community Health Centres, Primary Health Centres / Sub-centres, Anganwadi Centres, Rural Housing etc. Education, Health and Skill are the priority under MsDP. The projects are funded in the ratio of 60:40 and for NE and Hilly States at 90:10 between the Centre and States. The restructured scheme is to be implemented during the remaining period of the 14th Finance Commission ie. March 31, 2020.
Minorities in India:
- As per the Census 2011, the percentage of minorities in the country is about 19.3% of the total population of the country.
- Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Jain and Zoroastrians (Parsis) have been notified as minority communities under Section 2 (c) of the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992.
- Naya Savera Scheme
Naya Savera Scheme aims to empower the students belonging to minority communities and prepare them for competitive examinations.
Its emphasis is to increase the participation minority communities in government and private jobs improves.
The scheme provides financial support for free coaching to notified minority students in selected coaching institutions. Coaching for the following exams will be provided – i. Qualifying examinations for admission in technical/ professional courses such as engineering, medical, law, management, information technology etc. and language/aptitude examinations for seeking admission to foreign universities ii. Competitive examinations for recruitment to Group ‘A’, ‘B’ and ‘C’ services and other equivalent posts under the Central and State governments including public sector undertakings, banks, insurance companies as well as autonomous bodies.
- Nai Manzil
It aims to engage constructively with Poor Minority youth and help them obtain sustainable and gainful employment opportunities that can facilitate them to be integrated with mainstream economic activities.
Integrated Skill Training is being provided to the youth in market driven skills.
The other objectives include, raise awareness and sensitization in health and life skills, Mobilize school drop-out minority youths with formal education and certification upto level 8th or 10th through National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) or other State open schooling systems.
It was launched for the first time in J&K in 2016, where girls from minority communities are being imparted three-month skill development training in seven identified sectors relevant to the region.
- Nai Roshni
It is a scheme for leadership development among Minority Women, to empower and instill confidence among minority women by providing knowledge, tools, and techniques for interacting with Government systems, banks and other institutions at all levels.
- Nai Udaan Scheme
The objective of the Scheme is to provide financial support to minority students for preparation of Main Examination, who clear Prelims conducted by Union Public Service Commission, Staff Selection Commission, State Public Service Commission etc.
It aims to adequately equip them to compete and to increase the representation of the minority in the Civil Services.