Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS
UPSC Syllabus: Prelims: Indian Economy
Agriculture Infrastructure Fund
Provide medium-long term loans worth Rs 1 lakh crores by Banks
Primary Agricultural Cooperative Societies, Farmers Producer Organizations, Agriculture entrepreneurs, Start-ups, APMCs etc.
Purpose of Loans:
Improve Agriculture marketing Infrastructure such as collection centres, storage, cold Chain infrastructure
Benefit on loans:
- Interest subvention of 3% per annum
- Credit Guarantee coverage under Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE)
UPSC Current Affairs: Tracking Fugitives | Page 07
UPSC Syllabus: Mains: GS Paper III : Internal Security
Sub Theme: Tracking International and Domestic Fugitives| UPSC
- India’s legal framework with respect to extradition of fugitives is very robust. Various laws like Extradition Act, Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, Prevention of Corruption Act, Prevention of Money Laundering act have detailed extradition provisions related to fugitives.
- India also signed bilateral Extradition treaties with 43 countries for extradition of fugitives
- There exists a system of tracking criminals worldwide –through Interpol Notices and the sharing of immigration databases of different countries. There is a separate Interpol wing of CBI to receive red corner notices from Interpol regarding the information about fugitive criminals
Generally central investigative agencies like CBI, ED or NIA pursue the fugitives vigorously using their expertise and above legal frameworks. However, state police departments have a tendency to close investigations once the accused have absconded. Because (unlike international tracking) there is no coordinated system or database for tracking criminals or wanted persons domestically
In the absence of such a system, it is relatively easy for criminals from one police station/jurisdiction to melt into the population in any other area, almost undetected
Measures taken by the government in this regard
- Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS)
- Aim of this project is to connect all police station in the country to a centralised database of crimes, criminals
- It facilitates collection, storage, retrieval, analysis and sharing of data between different police stations, state HQs and central Investigative agencies and National crime record bureau
- Benefits– It will make interstate investigation easier by establishing a Centralized crime and criminal information repository along with the criminal images and fingerprints with advanced search capabilities.
- National Intelligence grid (NATGRID)
- An integrated grid connecting databases of all core security agencies of Government of India
- formed with an aim to collect comprehensive patterns of intelligence that would be procured from 21 organisations which can be readily accessed by intelligence agencies. The agencies concerned include the Intelligence Bureau, local police, and revenue and customs departments.
- NATGRID will act as a link between intelligence and investigation agencies
- Recently, The National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID) has signed an MoU with the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) to access the centralised online database on FIRs from CCTNS