Jal Shakti Abhiyaan; Atal Bhujal Yojana; Jal Jeevan Mission | UPSC 

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  1. UPSC Current Affairs: Jal Shakti Abhiyaan; Atal Bhujal Yojana; Jal Jeevan Mission

UPSC Syllabus: Prelims: Government Schemes Mains – GS Paper II – Governance

Jal Shakti Abhiyan

  • It is a time-bound, mission-mode water conservation campaign. It will run in two Phases:
  1. Phase 1 from 1st July to 15th September 2019 for all States and Union Territories
  2. Phase 2 from 1st October to 30th November 2019 for States and UTs receiving the retreating monsoon.
  • The latter includes Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Puducherry, and Tamil Nadu.
  • Officers, groundwater experts and scientists from the Government will work together with state and district officials in India’s most water-stressed districts.
  • These are the 255 districts having critical and over-exploited groundwater levels.
  • The focus is on water conservation and water resource management by focusing on accelerated implementation of five target intervention.
  • The campaign was not intended to be a funding programme and did not create any new intervention on its own.
  • It only aimed to make water conservation a people’s movement through ongoing schemes like the MGNREGA and other government programmes.

Atal Bhujal Yojana

  • It is a Central Sector Scheme aims to improve ground water management through community participation in identified priority areas in seven States.
  • It will be implemented over a period of 5 years (2020-21 to 2024-25). The states are Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh.
  • It will promote panchayat led ground water management and behavioural changes with primary focus on demand side management.
  • It has two major components such as, 1. Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building Component 2. Incentive Component for the States.
  • The total outlay of Rs 6,000 Crore, 50% shall be in the form of World Bank loan and will be repaid by the Central Government.
  • The remaining 50% shall be through Central assistance from regular budgetary support.
  • All of it will be given to the states as grants.

Jal Jeevan Mission

  • The Central Government assistance to States for rural water supply began in 1972 with the launch of Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme.
  • It was renamed as National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) in 2009, which is a centrally sponsored scheme with fund sharing between the Centre and the States.
  • Under NRDWP, one of the objectives was to ―enable all households to have access to and use safe & adequate drinking water within premises to the extent possible.
  • It was proposed to achieve the goal by 2030, coinciding with the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals. But now, it has been planned to achieve the goal by 2024 through Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM).
  • Thus, Government of India has restructured and subsumed the ongoing NRDWP into Jal Jeevan Mission.
  • It aims to provide Functional Household Tap Connection to every rural household i.e., Har Ghar Nal Se Jal by 2024.
  • The new guidelines will emphasise the critical role of the gram panchayat level to run and maintain the water supply system in their community and bring in systems for water use charges.
  • Water is the State subject. Thus, the implementation must be done through the States. The fund sharing pattern to be 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States; 50:50 for other States and 100% for UTs.
  • The fund released by Central Government to the State Governments is to be deposited in one Single Nodal Account (SNA) that will be maintained by SWSM. Public Finance Management System (PFMS) should be used for tracking the funds.

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